The process of determining retirement income goals and the actions and decisions necessary to achieve those goals. Retirement planning includes identifying sources of income, estimating expenses, implementing a savings program and managing assets. Future cash flows are estimated to determine if the retirement income goal will be achieved.
Most often, retirement planning involves depositing money into a retirement account, and purposefully saving money for the future. There are many different types of retirement plans available, including an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) and a 401(k) plan. In most cases, employees are provided with a retirement plan by their employer, and contributions to the plan are deducted from the employees paycheck. Some employers will match a certain percentage of an employees contributions, adding more money to their account.
Most plans have different rules and guidelines, including details such as when the money can be withdrawn.